Family Planning

Family Planning

Family planning is the practice of controlling the number of children in a family and the intervals between their births. Contemporary notions of family planning, however, tend to place a woman and her childbearing decisions at the center of the discussion, as notions of women's empowerment and reproductive autonomy have gained traction in many parts of the world.

  • Oral Pills :-  There are two different kinds of pills, namely COC’s (combined oral contraceptives) and POP’s (Progestogen only pills – also known as the mini-pill). COC’s contain both progestogen and estrogen hormones. The pill prevents pregnancy because it stops ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus which stops the sperm from passing through. It must be taken every day at the same time, and with proper use it can be up to 99% effective. Possible side effects may include nausea, dizziness and headaches, and it is not advisable for those who smoke or are over 35 years of age. The good thing is that this method does not interfere with sex, and it helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and reduces cramping.
  • Intrauterine Device(IUD’s)  The Intrauterine device (IUD) is a small plastic device which is placed in the uterus by a doctor or clinician. Some kinds have copper on them and some contain synthetic progesterone, and they prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg. Depending on what type you choose, they can be left in place for one year, five years or ten years. There may be some cramping and pain at the time of insertion, and periods may be longer and heavier in the first months after insertion. Otherwise there are not usually any side effects. This family planning method effectiveness can be up to 99%.
  • Sterilisation Surgery
    1. Tubectomy - This surgery can be performed laproscopically or by opening the abdomen (after delivery) for the woman as a permanent method of family planning.
    2. Vasectomy - This is surgical method of family planning for the male partner and it is permanent.

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